Erbil, is the capital of the Kurdistan Region in Iraq and is one of the longest-continuously inhabited settlements in the World. Textual evidence from all over the ancient land of Mesopotamia gives us not only information about the past of Erbil but also its older names. The modern-day name Erbil goes back to Urbilum which is over 4300 years old. During the Neo-Assyrian Empire, the city was housing one of the most important temples of the empire – the Ishtar temple of Arbael. A few centuries later Arbael became the capital of the Kingdom Adiabane with a famous female leader – Queen Helena. Much later during the late and early 13 century, the city expanded under the rule of Muzaffar ad-Din who was the brother-in-law of the famous Salahuddin Al Ayubi. Let us walk you through the Citadel of Erbil, a UNESCO heritage site, and wander around the late Ottoman tailor shops that used to be run by the Jewish community of Erbil.

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Discover the rich history and culture of Iraq and Kurdistan with the experts. Choose Mesopotamia Tourism for a safe, authentic and unforgettable travel experience. Book your tour now and let us take care of the rest.

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